seismic vulnerability

This study delves into the architectural development of Cyprus in the context of its seismic vulnerability. The island’s position at the intersection of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates has greatly influenced its architectural history. The research traces the evolution of architectural styles and building methods from the Venetian era to the present day, with a focus on how architects have adapted to seismic challenges. The study examines the changes in architecture under the successive regimes of the Frankish, Venetian, Ottoman, British, and post-independence Cypriot governance. Each period introduced unique architectural elements and construction techniques. For example, the Frankish period brought pointed arches and ribbed vaults, the Venetian period used limestone and timber truss structures, the Ottoman period used robust masonry walls with wooden reinforcements, the British colonial period blended local and imperial styles, and the modern era has shifted towards reinforced concrete and steel. The study evaluates how these different architectural approaches reflect Cyprus’s cultural evolution and represent strategic responses to seismic risks. The post-1974 period, in particular, is examined, as it saw the implementation of seismic codes and the use of advanced structural materials such as high-strength rebars and sophisticated concrete classes. The study uses an interdisciplinary approach that combines architectural history and seismic engineering to examine the relationship between cultural shifts and structural innovation in Cyprus’s ability to withstand seismic events. The findings of this study provide valuable insights for professionals in architecture, historical conservation, and structural engineering.

Author(s) Details:

Georgios Xekalakis,
Frederick Research Center, Pallouriotissa, Nicosia 1036, Cyprus.

Petros Christou,
Frederick University Cyprus, Y. Frederickou 7, Nicosia 1036, Cyprus.

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