physiotherapy

Subacromial Impingement Syndrome (SAIS) is a condition that encompasses a range of pathologies, which could vary from subacromial bursitis to rotator cuff wear and tear. It is one of the most common causes of 45% to 65% of shoulder pain syndromes. However, it is often misdiagnosed as frozen shoulder, as some of the symptoms overlap. SAIS occurs when the structures beneath the acromion process become compressed, due to the narrowing of the subacromial space. This narrowing may occur due to extrinsic compression or intrinsic compression. One of the primary causes of SAIS is abnormal biomechanics, which includes tight pectoralis major and minor, weak scapular stabilizers, and congenital changes in the shape of the acromion process. Understanding the root cause of SAIS is essential for its diagnosis and management. Therefore, this article provides a brief overview for quick clinical assessment and management of SAIS based upon the pathomechanics of SAIS.

Author(s) Details:

Tushara Nair,
College of Physiotherapy, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

G. P. Kumar,
College of Physiotherapy, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

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