Potentilla reptans

The purpose of the study was to identify the bioactive compounds, antioxidants and minerals present in the herbal plant Potentilla reptans, and to investigate the antimicrobial properties of the plant extract against certain types of harmful fungi and bacteria. Scientifically validated phytochemicals possess numerous properties such as antioxidant, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antiproliferative, and anticarcinogenic. The crude extract of the indigenous herbal plant Potentilla reptans L. was obtained from the wild habitat belonging to the Rosaceae family. It was explored for therapeutic compounds that consist of phytochemical and phytomineral constituents. The plant was collected from a hillside in Kakching Uyock Ching, Kakching district, India during August and September 2020. The study revealed several novel bioactive organic compounds such as antioxidant (30.8 µg/mL), saponin (30 mg/g), flavonoid (10.39 mg/g), alkaloid (30 mg/g), phenol (4.33 mg/g), tannin (30.74 mg/g) and minerals like magnesium (4.55 mg/g), iron (1.12 mg/g), sulfur (1.85 mg/g), potassium (1.26 mg/g), manganese (0.10 mg/g), calcium (5.16 mg/g), phosphorous (0.14 mg/g), zinc (0.12 mg/g), and copper (0.06 mg/g). These compounds are essential sources of precious chemodiversity, which is the only means for the survivability of species on earth. An antimicrobial test conducted with crude extracts demonstrated a strong positive effect against Staphylococcus aureus in bacteria, and Candida albicans and Microsporum gypseum in fungi by all extracts of MeOH, EtOAc, and CHCl3. This validates the traditional health care system of herbals and unique home remedy prescriptions. Phytochemically, the majority of the phytoconstituents present in Potentilla reptans are polyphenolic components with phenolics and tannins being the most dominant.

Author(s) Details:

M. Neshwari Devi,
Department of Chemistry, Waikhom Mani Girls’ College, Thoubal-795138, India.

N. Sangbanbi Devi,
Department of Botany, Imphal College, Imphal-795001, India.

S. R. Singh,
Department of Botany, United College, Chandel-795127, India.

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