Parkinson’s disease

The purpose of this study was to explore the related factors affecting the functional exercise compliance of patients with Parkinson’s disease through the univariate analysis. This study also investigates the effects and interventions of handheld Tai Chi water resistance fitness balls on older adults with Parkinson’s disease using statistical methodologies and a survey. First, the validity and reliability of a questionnaire on exercise compliance for Parkinson’s disease patients were examined. Parkinson’s syndrome is common in middle-aged and elderly people and is a neurological degenerative disease, mainly manifested by muscle stiffness, tremors and movement disorders and other symptoms, seriously affecting the quality of life and health of the elderly. A survey was conducted to investigate the current status of exercise compliance among Parkinson’s disease patients, including general information, scoring status, and single and multiple-factor analyses of influencing factors. The results of the study show that through qualitative research, the dimensions and item pools of the questionnaire were initially constructed, and the reliability analysis of the questionnaire was conducted through Delphi expert consultation, with favorable results in terms of its reliability and validity. The research indicates that there is a need for improvement in the existing state of exercise compliance among patients with Parkinson’s disease and that there are notable variations in patients’ degrees of exercise compliance depending on the situation. Finally, the research results were discussed and conclusions were drawn. The innovation of this study lies in the development of a questionnaire on exercise compliance for patients with Parkinson’s disease and the preliminary qualitative research and Delphi expert consultation conducted on it, providing new ideas and methods for the study of exercise compliance. However, the study also has limitations as it did not examine the effects of other interventions on Parkinson’s disease, so further research should be conducted. We believe that with the continuous development of science and technology and the continuous emergence of innovation, we will be able to bring more hope and possibility to more people in need of help, and jointly create a healthier and better future.

Author(s) Details:

He Huang
Independent Researcher, 2308 Ruth Ct, Rowland Heights, CA 91748, Los Angeles, USA.

Also See : Acute Kidney Injury : A Part from the Book Chapter : Prevention, Recognition, and Treatment of Acute Kidney Injury in ICU

Recent Global Research Developments in Effects of Handheld Tai Chi Water Resistance Fitness Balls on Older Adults with Parkinson’s Disease

Research Summary: A study [1] explored the effects and interventions of handheld Tai Chi water-resistance fitness balls on middle-aged and elderly patients with Parkinson’s disease. Here are the key points:

  • Questionnaire Development: Researchers developed a questionnaire to assess exercise compliance among Parkinson’s disease patients. The reliability and validity of this questionnaire were tested.
  • Current Exercise Compliance Status: The study investigated the exercise compliance levels among patients with Parkinson’s disease. It found that exercise compliance needs improvement, and there are significant differences in compliance levels among patients under different circumstances.
  • Intervention Effectiveness: The study focused on the impact of Tai Chi water resistance fitness balls on functional exercise adherence among middle-aged and elderly individuals with Parkinson’s disease. By understanding the factors that influence adherence to functional exercise, the research aims to improve patient outcomes.
  • Innovation: The study’s innovation lies in developing a questionnaire specifically for Parkinson’s disease patients’ exercise compliance. It also conducted qualitative research and Delphi expert consultation, providing new ideas and methods for studying exercise compliance.


  1. Huang, H. (2024). The Impact and Intervention of Handheld Tai Chi Water-Resistance Fitness Ball on Middle-Aged and Elderly Patients with Parkinson’s Disease. Health, 16(4), 319-349.

To Read the Complete Chapter See Here


By Editor

Leave a Reply