Acute kidney injury

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication that occurs in Intensive Care Units (ICUs), with a significant impact on patient outcomes. Early prevention, recognition, and intervention are crucial for improving patient prognosis. This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of the prevention strategies, recognition techniques, and treatment approaches for AKI in the ICU setting.

Preventing AKI involves identifying and addressing risk factors such as low blood volume, nephrotoxic medications, low blood pressure, and sepsis. Early recognition of AKI relies on using the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) classification system, which categorizes AKI based on serum creatinine levels and urine output. Treating AKI involves fluid and electrolyte management, nutrition, and renal replacement therapy (RRT) in severe cases.

In conclusion, managing AKI in the ICU requires a comprehensive approach that includes prevention, early recognition, and prompt intervention. By implementing these strategies, clinicians can significantly improve patient outcomes and reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with AKI.

Author(s) Details:

Ahmed Muhammad Bashir,
Mogadishu Somalia Turkiye Training and Research Hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia.

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